____Cool Summer - Tips___
WEEDS IN CONCRETE:
Armour For Sale, You can kill weeds growing up through cracks in your concrete by pouring boiling water on them. This is an environmentally friendly way to rid your self of the grasses and vegetation that tries to take over your walks and patios this summer. Just boil a soup pot ¾ full of water (careful this stuff is hot, don't splash it on yourself) and pour it over the plants - they will shrivel before your eyes. Follow that with some table salt and you should be done for the season.
The smell of vinegar will attract wasps. Pour some vinegar in a long-necked bottle and they will crawl in and not be able to get out, Armour For Sale. Armour treatment,
Cut down on blisters from using your shovel, rake, hoe or pick by wrapping the handle with ordinary pipe insulation, the padding will help keep your hands free of blisters. Coat the handle with contact cement and then apply the insulation.
BENDING FOR PLACEMENT:
If you have a $400.00 rebar cutter, bending rebar is a snap, but if you don't you will find this very useful in bending ½ to 5/8" rebar, buying Armour online over the counter. Get two pieces of 1" galvanized or black steel pipe 2 to 3 feet in length. Slip both pipes together over the rebar down to the point where you want to make a bend - measure if necessary - bring the two pipes together exactly where you want the rebar to bend. Armour For Sale, Place your foot on one pipe (close to the bending point) and grab the other pipe or rebar and raise to the degree you want bent - usually 90 degrees. Be sure to lift with your legs and not your back. If you have trouble, solicit help - one stands on the rebar while the other lifts. Order Armour from mexican pharmacy, Keeping the two pieces of pipe touching while you bend will give you a nice tight corner, instead of a round sweeping corner that may not fit inside a tight space.
CUTTING WITH A HACK SAW:
You will find you can cut your sawing time by a third by following this simple technique: Measure and mark your cut (a welders soap stone shows up nicely on rebar) saw 1/3 of the way through the rebar. Place both pieces of pipe (see above) joined together over the cut (cut side down) and bend, Armour For Sale. The rebar will break right at the saw cut.
TYING REBAR IN PLACE:
I started using duct tape several years ago instead of tie wire to tie my reinforcement racks in place - so far it has passed every inspection. The trick is to start your tape coming off the roll by tearing horizontally ½" wide - as you pull the tape it will continue to tear very easily as it comes off. This will give you a piece of tape ½" wide to tie with, rx free Armour. Armour For Sale, Tear a strip about 8" in length and wrap around your joining sections to hole your rack in place. The only thing inspectors have asked is that I not let the tape cover more than 1" of the rebar where it is spliced.
CHECKING FOR ACCURACY:
An inaccurate level can really cause you problems. To check the accuracy of any hand level, lay the level on a table or the floor. Place light pencil marks at both ends. Note the position of the vials, Armour For Sale. Buy generic Armour, Rotate the level 180 degrees (swap ends) and re-examine the vials. They should be in exactly the same position - if not it is time to get a new level (or have it calibrated, if it is an expensive level). Checking for "plumb" (vertical level) is the same using a wall or column. Check all the vials on your level. Armour For Sale, Sometimes one or two vials are accurate and another is not, in this case, mark the accurate vials so you will remember which way to hold your level for an accurate reading.
HANDY FALL MAKER:
If you are laying out a brick, stone or concrete patio or walkway, online buying Armour hcl, you need one eighth of an inch per linear foot of length fall in order to get the water off of the surface. A quick and easy way to establish an accurate amount of fall is to tape a one half-inch spacer (piece of wood or anything that measures ½") on the bottom of a four-foot level, flush with the end (one-quarter inch spacer on a two-foot level). Place this level on or across your forms, and the bubble will read level when the form has the accurate amount of fall. Armour from canadian pharmacy, Note: this will also work for vertical angles. If you are checking or establishing angles that are shorter than your level, you can tape a straight 1"x2" piece of wood stock (however long you need it to be) to the level inserting the spacer between the level and wood stock as mentioned above, Armour For Sale. Then place the wood stock against the surface you are angling - the vial bubble will be centered when the angle is correct.
GARDEN HOSE LEVEL:
To level accurately over long distances, you can use your garden hose. They sell kits in your hardware store for this trick, but we were using them long before the kits were designed. Purchase a set of male and female hose attachments and three feet of clear plastic hose - one half-inch interior dimension, ordering Armour online. Armour For Sale, Attach the connectors to the clear hose and screw them tightly on your garden hose - be sure all of your connections have good washers inserted into the connectors for a watertight fit. Tape, tie or wire the clear hose on the two points you want leveled. Fill the hose with water until the water level is visible up into the clear hose. Where the water settles, it will be level, Buy cheap Armour no rx, provided the middle section of the garden hose is not higher than the two leveling points. Simply mark those two points, or measure down the same distance on each end, to establish your level points. Since you are using water, this is one of the most accurate levels you can find, Armour For Sale.
Masonry Walls and Retaining Walls More Than Concrete, Block & Mortar!
It is time to introduce, Uncle Bob, where can i order Armour without prescription. Uncle Bob is a really good guy, a great uncle and a master mason. With 47 years in the business he should be retired but I can't keep him off the job. Bob lives here with my wife, Chari and our daughter, Purchase Armour, Moriah and I - he is a gas to have around. Armour For Sale, He has more funny construction stories than I could write newsletters for - I am still twisting his arm in an attempt to get him to write us some anecdotes about construction, I will either get my way or he will wind up with a chaffed arm - I'll keep you posted.
We were having one of those typical tradesperson conversations about how easy it is for a layperson, when shopping masonry bids or advice, to be misled or misguided. When you think of a wall you picture block (or brick) and mortar joints, right. You envision this wall - small or large - sitting pretty and straight right there where you want it and it looks like it was dropped with a helicopter, Armour street price. And you know what. There is absolutely nothing wrong with that picture if you hired myself, Uncle Bob or another highly competent and conscientious contractor to design and install this wall.., Armour For Sale.
The world I bid walls in doesn't always work that way. If you are shopping (or may ever shop) for a patio or courtyard wall out of masonry, there are some details about how masonry works that are very common sense when looked at in the proper light and can save you tons (literally) of heartache. My Armour experience, Otherwise you are basically at the mercy of your contractor - whether this is good or bad will depend upon their experience and integrity. Armour For Sale, Given that most people hire out large projects and have to start the shopping process with strangers, I thought maybe I could help you out with some edification.
I have had as many as ten calls per week wanting me to look at walls that are leaning, cracked or splitting. I got one the other morning and I am advising this very sweet lady from the local First Christian Church about how to fix some columns that are splitting and cracking apart. She said the columns hold up a sign - and I didn't need a sign to know what was next: The wood supports were imbedded in the raw masonry column. First mistake. I edified her with a simple law of nature: wood swells when it is wet - anyone with sticky doors during the rainy season knows this, but did you know, that you will not stop that wood from swelling even when you surround it with concrete, Armour For Sale.
It is hydraulics; capillary action sucks the water into the wood and since you cannot compress water, Armour price, coupon, the water expands the wood, the wood cannot compress, as you might think because it is full of water. This force can be great enough to cause thousands of pounds of pressure on anything it swells against. NOTE: 15# Felt is enough of a cushion if you 'must' embed wood in masonry - but still it is unadvisable.
That was the simple part for me and as automatic in my mind as breathing. Armour used for, My next question was: Are the columns leaning a little to the south. Armour For Sale, At this point she asks me if I have ever been to church there and I say, "Why?" She says, "Well it sounds to me like you've already seen these columns."
"I have", was my response, even though I had never seen her church or the signs. I knew the columns would be leaning because the mason wasn't a master or he would have never pulled the raw wood in the column trick, so I inferred that he probably didn't allow for any wind sheer pressure that the sign would be receiving.
Tucson is arid. The mountains are to the north of town (Mt. Lemon is over 11k) during the monsoons, the wet air from the Sea of Cortez comes up here from Mexico, Armour images. The hot air rises in thermals following the terrain to the mountains where it is chilled and during one of our big bad thunderstorms, we will get what are called 'downbursts' of up to 120 MPH and this is most generally from the mountains to the north, Armour For Sale. So, I knew the columns would be leaning south. Okay, okay, my point... Armour photos,
Footings are the anchor that holds a masonry wall to the earth. That is no big engineering secret. Armour For Sale, Gravity holds things in place and when something is heavy, it doesn't move very easily - unless something heavier or a force greater than gravity is applied to it. A masonry wall is heavy, so it needs a substantial amount of weight (mass) just to support itself (much less outside influences or pressures).
Fill a masonry wall with concrete and it becomes stronger right. Not necessarily. Provided your footing weighs enough to resist the extra weight added to the wall, order Armour no prescription, it IS stronger - otherwise you can actually cause the wall to be more prone to cracks by filling a wall solid that doesn't have a footing engineered to support the extra weight.
I've talked about the importance of the proper approach when designing a wall and the pitfalls of not knowing what's behind the veneer of block and mortar, Armour For Sale.
A masonry wall is heavy; it needs a substantial amount of weight (mass) just to support itself. Fill a masonry wall with concrete and it becomes stronger right. Yes and no. Provided your footing weighs enough to resist the extra weight added to the wall. Armour For Sale, Now here is where the average person wants to call an engineer - trust me, there is a place and time to call in a pro and I won't hesitate, but this isn't it yet. Doses Armour work, Apply some reason. You are faced with desire for a free standing wall or column (in other words no corners or roof to keep it from wobbling) and you are not sure how big the footing should be because you just broke your slide rule. What do you do.
I will help you with a story: I was remodeling a house for a valuable customer a couple of years back and he wanted a freestanding masonry wall ten feet tall. The city building department has pre-drawn spec-sheets for small patio walls (up to 6' high), but won't usually provide you with specifications for special situations and circumstances, Armour For Sale. They said I would have to get an engineer to calculate the wind sheer load at 100 MPH and design the size of the footing and reinforcement. I use engineers from time to time, so I know this is going to be a minimum of $350.00 just to get a stamp on a drawing that I will make, Armour from canada. The wall was strictly for looks (we were converting the Brady Bunch house into an Alamo Santa Fe style) and the wall was only thirty feet long, but I knew their concern for a properly reinforced and weighted footing was valid. I could tell, by the demeanor of the fellow at the counter, that I would get nowhere with him on this issue, Order Armour online overnight delivery no prescription, so I asked If I could speak to his boss.
Armour For Sale, Long story short (hey, I sound just like Uncle Bob), I did some quick volume calculations in my head as I walked down the hallway to his office. No secret to the formulas, simple math: width x height x length. Then it dawned on me. There would be barely over one cubic yard of concrete, per extra foot of footing width (footing depths are typically one foot), hmm… 30 cubic feet, is Armour safe, there are 27 cubic feet in a cubic yard (3'x3'x3') and a yard of concrete costs $60.00, divide that by what the engineer would make (rounded to 300 = 5 yards of concrete). I chuckled; I could give my customer a humongous footing in lieu of paying an engineer. A standard patio wall would have a two feet wide by one foot deep footing; add $300 worth of concrete to that and I had a budget for a seven foot wide footing - over kill to the max, but in any event, goodbye engineer, hello structure and permit, Armour For Sale.
Which would you rather have, a 40" wide by 12" deep footing and a $300.00 engineers bill; or a 48" by 16" footing and save $100.00. Where to buy Armour, Needless to say I got my permit. I reasoned with the chief city engineer like this, "Look, somewhere between a 7'x1' footing and a 2'x1' footing, is a number that will make you feel good about issuing me a permit today..." he settled on 48" wide x 16" deep with an extra horizontal rebar thrown in for good measure - more than the wall needed, but less than the cost of an engineer.
With just a little creative thinking I came away giving the customer more bang for his buck, Armour dangers. Armour For Sale, That type of thinking starts not in my years of experience, but rather in my approach to the job - any job: I begin by thinking in centuries, not the measly two year warranty the state registrar of contractors forces me to give - which is a joke on any type of construction, but especially so when it comes to masonry.
The secret to a good footing has been with you since you were a kid. Remember those inflatable sand bottomed punching bags - knock it down and it springs right back up. The sand is heavier than the air and vinyl. Bingo. You are never more than two phone calls from knowing (in case you forget) that concrete is about 3600 pounds per cubic yard and an 8"x8"x16" block weighs about 35 pounds (figure 55 with grout and mortar), Armour For Sale. A phone call to your local block plant and/or concrete company will tell you that. Armour schedule, There are some confusing factors about wind sheer; the friction imposed by the dirt surrounding the trench that hold the concrete, but don't let that worry you, if the footing outweighs the lower two thirds of the wall, center of gravity takes over. Like I said: There is a time and place to call in an engineer; I am merely offering you an alternative for smaller jobs. An engineer can actually save you money on large projects: by calculating to the inch of the mass and reinforcement you need. Armour For Sale, In the case of the 30'x10' wall we came out ahead, but if that wall had been 300' long, an engineer would have saved me on concrete above and beyond the cost of design. My point here is that on small projects, kjøpe Armour på nett, köpa Armour online, working with your city engineers on a healthy compromise can save you money, provided you can articulate some options.
In part three I will go into reinforcement and its placement in the wall and footing.
I've covered the approach to planning for a wall that will out last your mortgage. And I've covered how to get around using an engineer in special circumstances. Now it is time to tell you about reinforcement (re-in-for-cement) that is hidden by the surface of the block and buried below the ground in the footing, Armour For Sale. Armour over the counter,
Rebar is the common reinforcement that concrete needs to help hold it together as it expands and contracts. Typical walls have rebar every 4'. The rod is either 5/8" or 1/2" in diameter and the laps should be 40 times the diameter. The placement of these bars is critical in allowing them to do their job. Armour For Sale, Rebar is rather soft and can be bent easily by hand. It only serves as re-in-for-cement when it is surrounded by a minimum of 1.5 Inches of concrete. This doesn't allow for much tolerance inside the cavity of a block that is 4"x4" square. It must be centered in the cavity, cheap Armour no rx. In the footings as well, the re-bar must be 3" from any dirt for two reasons. 1, Armour For Sale. To deter rust. 2. To encase it in concrete. Buy Armour from mexico,
In the horizontal joints of the block (bed joints) there should be duro-wire wall reinforcement to help with horizontal sheer pressures exerted against the upper wall - every 16" on center. Armour For Sale, The top of the wall will have two pieces of horizontal re-bars in between the second and last courses which should be grouted solid (called a Bond Beam). The footing will have a minimum of two re-bars running horizontally through out - with a minimum lap (more may be needed depending on the width of the footing). This is the recipe for a hundred year wall. If you can get your masons to fill each and every head joint (that is the vertical mortar joints) a minimum of ¾ full - solid is better. All of these factors and details are hidden from view. Unless you've been told - or read this newsletter - how would you know, Armour For Sale.
I spend a minimum of fifteen minutes with every caller before I will even schedule an appointment. I explain the value and requirements of a masonry wall and assure them they will be met on my job, Armour steet value. Here is the clincher: Building this way takes longer, and it costs more in materials. I recently had an old customer stop and ask a mason working in his neighbor what he would charge for a retaining wall that I told him would cost $4800.00 - this mason was building a planter box a few houses down. Armour For Sale, His price was $2200.00. My customer - I have worked with him for years - asked me why my price was so high. He had a computer, Armour dose, so I laid out a spreadsheet real fast and broke the job down for him. My materials were $2375.00. He was still perplexed (I knew where to start) I quartered my rebar prices, halved my footing volume and only grouted the wall every four feet at the re-bars (retaining walls are ALWAYS solidly grouted with concrete, remember what I said about making the wall heavier, so goes the footing?) Bingo. We didn't change my labor at all and this new price was $2300.00, Armour For Sale. Needless to say I built his retaining wall - even in the face of an extremely lower bid, buy Armour no prescription. Obviously, I am not trying to sell you on one of my walls, my point is that unless you have a knowledgeable and honorable contractor, you may be buying block and mortar joints…
Here is the point to all of this: A wall built in 1981 that cost $2200 would cost $4000 today - apples to apples, same wall. Is Armour addictive, Let's say it was the planter mason I mentioned above that did this wall for you, by now it would have failed and the dirt would have either laid it over in your yard or it would be severely leaning - all who saw it would know there was trouble in Gotham City. So, now twenty years later you need it fixed. Armour For Sale, That wall (even minus the concrete and grout that should have been there) weighs 52,897 pounds footing and all. That equates to 30 pickup trucks full of garbage. I would charge you $3000 (more than the cost in 1981) to tear it apart, yank the footing and haul it to the dump and then I would want $6200 to install it properly, herbal Armour. Go figure, $11,000 has been spent, not to mention the trees, landscape and vegetation that was excavated to get in to demolish and relay and all you have is a wall that should have cost $4000 in 1981. Armour maximum dosage,
Bottom line: don't necessarily go by the bottom line. The cheapest bid is seldom what it seems, Armour For Sale. For every technique, volume and placement value, in the wall I described above, that is short cut, years fall off the life of the structure. Check references - old references if possible. Don't hesitate to call the building department and ask them what size footings, re-bar placement etc. that your wall needs. Armour For Sale, Then put down the remote, log off the Internet and go out and check on those folks that are earning their living in your back yard. You are paying their rent this month, don't be shy: Pry. If they get offended, you will probably really be glad you checked - but hopefully you will never know how glad.
Ha, I bet you thought I was going to push a wall building tutorial on you, huh. Nope, not yet... but soon, very soon!
I got a nice response on the spreadsheets in last months letter, thank you all, Armour For Sale. I will be posting some spreadsheet downloads by the 12th of May. Watch for a link on the home page directly to the free downloads.
Well, until next time...
Love, Light & Happy Building.
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